Sep 27, - The Xert Segment Hunter app uses your Fitness Signature and Maximal Power In your Xert account, link your Strava account (under the 'Sync' menu); A power meter. It must be connected to your Garmin watch or cycling computer. Choose the power averaging you wish to use: 3 or 5 seconds is best.
The Edge 25 will also provide Live Tracking so friends and family can go online and see where you are. You get three screens during a ride, and you can configure two of them to display metrics from a whole range on offer: You can't add any extra screens. If you're a data hungry cyclist that might be an issue. The Edge is one impressive piece of kit. It works smoothly with a good interface and clear display, and is bang up to date with all the features barring full mapping you could want from a cutting edge performance monitoring tool.
Headlining with the built-in ability to bike computer app syncs with garmin Strava Live Segments also available on the andbelowGarmin takes live monitoring of your performance out on the road to new levels here.
It's a development that will delight segment hunters out there, and it works very well, although you need to pay for Strava Premium membership to enjoy this feature. Your Strava starred segments are used to populate the 's database of live segments, along with a selection of popular segments from your local area.
You just ride up to the segment and the device cuts in with warnings of its approach and live comparisons against the KOM, the fastest person you follow, or your bike computer app syncs with garmin PR. The Edge has a button interface rather than being touchscreen, and we find that that makes for faster response to commands.
Course uploads from Strava and Garmin, and syncing with Garmin Connect, are much quicker than with previous units too. The is packed with features. It includes GPS and GLONASS satellite chips, a barometric altimeter, phone message compatibility, all the usual sensors including left and right pedal power recording from Vector pedals and compatibility with other power meters, Shimano Di2 integration, LiveTrack, Varia bike radar and light compatibility, training jump bike gps measuring, Functional Threshold Power monitoring, VO2 recording, and recovery bike computer app syncs with garmin predictions.
It even boasts a basemap although this can't be used to plot pedal bike gps route home.
Still, it gives a general idea of where you are. With all the features stashed inside, as well as that improved display and smaller, lighter design, you might expect battery life to take a hit.
It has, compared with the previousbut the still offers up to 15 hours of life — long enough for a full day's ride and then some, even with the backlight working and scrolling through multiple pages. Check out bike computer app syncs with garmin review of the Garmin Edge here.
The size of the screen means it's not at the same level as the in terms of navigation, but it might be enough for your needs. You get some excellent navigational features such as Round Trip Routing which allows the bike computer app syncs with garmin to create a route for you, giving options based on distance, climbing and intensity. Maps have a clear layout making it easy to see exactly where you are going, and turn-by-turn prompts are simple to follow.
Bike computer app syncs with garmin adding in a postcode, town or specific site, the will get you to the correct place without fuss. As with other Garmin units, you can customise the data you see on each page and set activity profiles, which means you can have different setups for different uses.
Garmin has also added GroupTrack, which allows you to track up to 50 riders they must have compatible Garmin computers and follow you on Garmin Connect within 10 miles of you.
If you get dropped or lost, you can easily see where others are. The touchscreen works okay, but compared with button-controlled computers and the it seems a specialized bike computer screen frozen sluggish, sometimes taking a second to react. However, it worked just as well with touchscreen-enabled gloves and was still usable in the wet.
It also shows notifications and information from your smartphone. Garmin is catching up with other bike computers in delivering 'incident detection', which means that a text message and location can be sent to a pre-determined contact number in the event of a crash.
Recording is as good as anything we have seen from other GPS computers. Bike computer app syncs with garmin can be a little loss when riding under cover trees and tunnels, for instanceand occasionally you can see an erratic twitch in your recorded route when riding between tall buildings.
Uploading from the is done through Bluetooth to your smartphone, which is quick and easy through the Garmin Bike computer app syncs with garmin app. From there you can either download the file to your desktop or share it with other sites like Strava.
Battery life is around 15 hours, and there are also battery saver modes that can help to extend this, bike computer app syncs with garmin turning off the display while still recording.
If you want heart rate and speed and cadence sensors as well, it's currently cheaper to buy them separately than to buy a bundle that includes them. It's been superseded by the Edgeand has just about vanished from retailers, but there are plenty around second hand.
Unless you're planning to go somewhere incredibly remote, you'll probably find the OpenStreetMap-based mapping to be complete schwinn performance bike computer instructions accurate. The maps are good enough that you can plot yourself a route around an garmin edge app you bike computer app syncs with garmin know just by using the screen.
The maps lose a lot of detail as you zoom out because the screen resolution can't show you all the little roads on a wide view of an area, so a certain amount of zooming in and out is required if you're in unfamiliar territory. The Edge is capable of turn-by-turn navigation over a prescribed route, or of routing you to a location or a series of locations by itself. There are myriad ways of making a GPX file containing a best outdoor sports watch gps cycling you want to do; Garmin's own Connect portal will do it, as will any number of third-party websites.
Once you have your file, you can connect your Garmin to your computer and download it. Rather than the resistive screen of the the touchscreen works by sensing the pressure of your finger, not its electric signaturethe uses capacitive technology, like a smartphone the screen carries a charge and the natural conductive properties of your finger affect the screen's charge when you touch it.
Displaying the data is simple enough: The Edge also has a low-power Bluetooth 4. This makes uploading rides simple via the Garmin Connect app. As soon as you save a ride it's automatically uploaded to Garmin Connect, and because Connect now plays nicely with Strava, from there it's automatically synced to Strava. The Bluetooth tether to your phone also allows you to use Garmin's Live Tracking to broadcast your position to whoever you choose using the phone's data connection.
It relies on a data signal being available, so if you're riding through somewhere with limited coverage, updates will be patchy. The Edge is also WiFi enabled. That means you can set it bike computer app syncs with garmin on your home or work network, and as soon as you get back it can auto-sync your ride data that way instead.
The GPS may also allow you to set alerts when you have reached a target value such as having ridden for bike computer app syncs with garmin pre-specified time. You may get virtual competitor functions, so that you can see how well you are doing compared to previous rides of the same route. Spend a bit more bike computer app syncs with garmin you will start to get additional functionality in your GPS.
A mid-range unit will usually be larger with a larger screen which can display more data, often in colour. Data storage capacity will bike computer app syncs with garmin also increase.
The unit may be controlled by buttons or a touchscreen. Many mid-range units add mapping and navigation functionality. You can buy GPSs which major on this functionality, although others still just support breadcrumb trails. Because of the way in which GPS satellite triangulation works, altitude data calculated from GPS is less accurate than positional data.
Thus higher spec GPSs will often add a barometric altimeter to increase recording accuracy for height and rate of ascent. Many mid-range units now include Bluetooth synchronisation to a smartphone. This allows alerts to be displayed on the GPS when an incoming call, text or e-mail is received.
Other data from the phone, such as weather conditions, may also be displayed on the GPS. Some cycle computers send data back to the phone, so it can transmit ride progress data to the internet, where people you allow can view it, and let you upload your rides without needing to connect to a computer. The arms race in high-end cycle computers continues and manufacturers seem to be announcing new top of the range features every few months. Most will come packaged with a heart rate monitor strap and a cadence sensor.
At this price point, you should expect a colour touchscreen, mapping, turn-by-turn navigation and many connectivity dirt bike gps review. This may include WiFi connectivity for data transfer, route suggestions and ability to share a route with your ride companions. Some are adding Strava-like segment functionality.
With their large displays and rich functionality, battery life can be an issue with some top-end units. These sites support ride analysis, training plans and social interaction, as well as upload to Strava, Training Peaks or other third party sites.
Analysis options will be richer, of course, if you have used peripheral devices such as a cadence sensor to capture extra data. Modern smartphones will have a GPS chip built into them. This may not be as accurate as the chip in a dedicated cycling GPS but should still allow you to track your position with reasonable accuracy.
You can download free activity tracking apps from the Apple Store or Google Play to log your gps tracker bike forum. There are many of these such as MapMyRide and Endomondo, although the most popular of the lot is Strava.
You can either put your phone in a pocket or buy a mount which attaches to your bars or stem. These normally have a clear plastic bike computer app syncs with garmin up sleeve on top, so that you can see your data as you ride. If you use your phone beware of water, as most are not water-resistant. I was able to export the tcx files from Garmin and upload them manually to Strava and they accessories for bicycle riders complete then.
Only a tiny tiny step in my opinion!
Garmin guys, for this option I would pay some money to get the device for it still sticking to the Edge with cable to strava. If you plug it in, sure. How do I stop it? No new devices? Bbike Garmin has a different timetable? My perception is Garmin is bike computer app syncs with garmin behind several others…. Convenient new feature yes, but am I missing something? I had thought this might be an additional feature I could choose to use or not. This means that my data is now also bike computer app syncs with garmin to Garmin whether I like it or not.
My is working fine but Cateye gps computers want to stop the automatic sync.
Weird thing happened to me yesterday. I came in from a swim workout and saw that my Garmin Swim initiated a data transfer. The workout, however, showed up on Strava. I tried manually uploading the file from Strava to Garmn Connect but Garmin Connect gives me navigation gps review error message when I try that. I used before the tool tapiirik to synchronize my activities.
It syncs fast but all laps are missing. Kind of makes it bie to analyse interval runs. Going back to using Tapiriik. This has been working well for me. Too well actually. Any idea why? These synds not a blend of old and new activities but rather just the new ones that come over twice. I am baffled why it is happening.
I have a Fenix 2 second one I have had- took the first one back and got this one and have Garmin Connect on my phone so I use the Bluetooth thingy to bring workouts from the Fenix 2 to the phone and then on to STrava. I am new to owning a Garmin and have previously had a FitBit.
I am unable to sync my new garmin Computer speed comparison to MapMyFitness, Am I doing something wrong or is there no capability for this yet?
Do you have any idea when it will turn on? There is still an issue with the multisport sync. I have 3 devices. Is there any way to stop a certain device from synching? My Garmin sits waiting for this bike computer app syncs with garmin. By bike computer app syncs with garmin way. It does speed but not average speed I just assumed. I bike, run and do indoor fitness. The WITH the heart rate monitor seemed a bike computer app syncs with garmin tool for all that.
Not having average speed, however really makes this less useful for biking. Does this synching also go from Strava to Garmin Connect?
I have an Schwinn 12 function wired bike computer operator manual and love that it synches to Strava, but I have also recently purchased a Vivofit. I was debating between that and the Forerunnerbut went with the lower price. Will this work, or should I return the Vivofit and get the Bike computer app syncs with garmin to ensure that all of my data is in both places?
Ah, I just answered to your old comment. Do you upload any workouts directly to any other platform than GC? Wity does for me, at least. Is there a way to unsync strava and garmin after having linked them? But I cannot for the life of me bluetooth bicycle speedometer out how to undo.
Sorry if there is a simply way to do this already that I have missed and please keep up the great reviews, really appreciate them. My VivoSmart will not sync to Endo. No steps and no activities. I am told it is because Endo does not support non-GPS activities.
The sync is working well — bikf too well, as it syncs almost 2017 suzuki gsxr 1000 gps locatedon bike. That would give me time after the workout for the following:. This is because Strava takes the raw.
FIT file. It would be nice.
Thank you for this and the many bryton rider 100 bike computer articles bike computer app syncs with garmin have helped me greatly. I really appreciate the clear, detailed information bike computer app syncs with garmin you provide.
I have found nothing on the web that compares. Thanks again. Is there any news on automatic syncing with Mapmyrun? They made this announcement 2 months ago, about the same time Garmin broke manual syncing using the Garmin Communicator. My previously up-to-date Mapmyrun profile has lay empty since. Enter Garmin login and it will auto-sync your Garmin uploads going forward it will not sync previous workouts.
The Mapmyrun App? Tried the website too. This has really soured by experience with Mapmyrun, I might just strick to strava.
Maybe they have not rolled it out to UK users yet. Bike computer app syncs with garmin else have the same problem? The Suunto feed into Strava still does this so you can run with someone wearing a Suunto watch on a long run with some breaks and it will look like iphone computer bike are running much faster.
Can we get Garmin to change this? Garmin simply gives Strava the raw. Whereas with CopyMySports they took a. TCX file and it sounds like Strava parsed it differently. Just a quick question that I hope you can help me with, the calories burned on my garmin is more than it bike computer app syncs with garmin in starva, I use a hr monitor so I would of expected them to be the same? See this blog post at MyFitnessPal. I have Map my fitness and Garmin connect and tom tom connect on my iMac.
I was previously able to do it with Syncmetrics, but that service was unfortunately shut down…. Anything similar which does it? Still no luck with Garmin Connect however…. You can do it through a myfitnesspal. My experience is that these doors tend to close after a while….
Mapmyrun syncing is finally available and working in the UK too but it only bringing across Runs, not bike rides, All the activities get to Garmin Connect and Strava, is this a spinner bike computer or have I done something wrong?
After this was working for me for months it now seems to have stopped. There are quite a few similar problems listed here:. I did find one post saying that there were problems in December but that MFP fixed this early Jan in the last few days. I am currently in the situation that Bike computer app syncs with garmin disconnected my accounts and was unable to re-connect from the MFP side but connecting from the Garmin side worked fine.
However after re-connecting and garmin saying that the last sync was today no data is flowing in either direction. Does anyone have this problem? What is the best way to get this fixed?
Hi, I just got a garmin edge and when I try to download I get a message to say you device is not compatable. Anyone having this problem or know of a work around. How do I get my workout from starvation to Garmin and training peaks, I forgot my Garmin and had only my iPhone to register my workout I used strata to do bike computer app syncs with garmin but know ho Http://bike-gps.com get it to Garmin? Automatic sync only works in one direction, from Garmin to elsewhere.
I guess i need a sigma sport bc 500 bike computer pc to do so? Certainly not with Safari on iOS. Dith might want to check what happens with iOS Chrome. Just tried to sync Ostrava with Harmon but get a bike computer app syncs with garmin page that fails to upload anything.
Anybody else have this issue or any advice!! Training Peaks or Strava. I will set my Garmin Connect to auto-sync to either of these two. Just bought my first GPS watch and want to upload my runs from strava to Garmin connect.
I use windows desktop and chrome. Hi DC, thanks for your advice.
bike computer app syncs with garmin The direct Garmin Connect to Strava cat eyes bike computer only grabs the last 30 days worth, hence the need for Tapiriik for older ones. I disconnected the automatic sync from Garmin to Strava. Now I want to set it back up, but the standard way does not work. No permission sent to Garmin.
Just going to try tapiriik! I have the Vivosmart, which does a nice job of tracking steps.
Also, I have an iPad but not an iPhone use Android smartphone so not sure how or if this would affect my using RunGap? It works fine on an iPad. Okay it worked perfectly for me. I did not double distances, times, elevations or anything but data is there but i have big problem with the fact that my privacy zones are not respected by Bike computer app syncs with garmin in the data that Garmin syncs over.
Is this a thing yet? Is it still all or nothing? I heard some people say that the activities just registered as walks in Strava? Just got Garmin and set up sync to strava. I like to rename the run and add details.
Any bike computer app syncs with garmin to write it once and have it show up in both places??? Additionally any advice on how to use Garmin for spin class besides manually entering data? I read on one of the threads to set up as specialized bike computer review and turn gps off.
But neither gives me any good data. Nothing has changed there unfortunately. Basically Garmin just sends the original activity. FIT file over to the 3rd party platform.
This is an oooooooooooooold post, of course. However, I thought it would be relevant to know that you can now go to link to runkeeper. I did a couple of runs today and recorded them on Strava from my phone app as my Garmin had a flat battery. Can you give any advise? Many thanks. It initially looked like it had linked my accounts, and I did a test bike computer app syncs with garmin which synced.
But this morning I woke up to a load of notifications on my phone, and now I have 30 days of data. Until tomorrow — tomorrow you can panic.
I also have used Endomondo for the last 5 years for the purposes of safety I do a lot of solo night running and riding so my location bike computer on sale be found on Endomondo if I fail to come home — never happened so far and so have about sessions there but just with GPS — no HR.
Anyway its all a bit of hardwork to get my HR stuff across so I might just leave it. Like my ProTrainer PC based files before that and my handwritten training notes before that. The Garmin comes with iConnect but I wanted to use a neutral third party app to try and avoid lock in of my data. Like I now face with Polar. I was thinking of going to Strava as it seems a bit more open and popular. Any comment you would have on the Garmin software and what the extra features you get from Strava are — particularly free strava.
Hey DC, if i bike race movie list my cell phone for a run and recorded via Strava, can I have it send that activity to the Garmin Connect app on my phone as well? I swim, bike and run. Then, I come here and write about my adventures.
Most of the time. You'll support the site, and get ad-free DCR! Plus, you'll be more awesome. Click above for all the details. Oh, and you can sign-up for the newsletter here! Wanna help support the site? You have two options. Alternatively, for everything else on the planet, simply buy your goods from Amazon via the link below and I get a tiny bit back.
No cost to you, easy as pie! Wanna create comparison chart graphs just like I do for GPS, heart rate, power meters and more? No problem, here's the platform I use - you can too! Here's my favorite GoPro bike computer app syncs with garmin I use daily. No bike computer app syncs with garmin - I'm constantly using this lineup of action cam accessories in almost all the posts and videos you see. I have built an extensive list of my bike computer app syncs with garmin frequently asked questions.
Below are the most popular. You probably stumbled upon here looking for a review of a sports gadget. Some reviews are over 60 pages long when printed out, with hundreds of photos! I aim to leave no stone unturned. Looking for the equipment I use day to day? Enjoy, and thanks for stopping by! I travel a fair bit, both for work and for fun. Many readers stumble into my website in search of information on the latest and greatest sports tech products.
So here is the most up to date list of products I like and fit the bill for me and my training needs best! DC Rainmaker swim, bike, run, and bike computer app syncs with garmin gear list. But wait, are you a female and feel like these things might not apply to you? Search for: Skip to content. Start Cat eye - strada wireless bike computer Sync: How it works MapMyFitness: Coming soon!
Coming Soon! Discussion close. Strava Sync: Pressing that will get you to where the magic happens, which opens up an all new dialog box that allows you to connect your account with Garmin: Share Shares You can click here to Subscribe bike computer app syncs with garmin commenting Your name: Add a picture. August 4, at 7: Really nice!
What about SportTracks? Is this Feature coming soon? Aaron Sport Tracks.
August 4, at 9: Stay tuned for an announcement soon… Reply. August 4, at 5: I love bike computer app syncs with garmin ST is the first comment! August 5, at 3: Hoping for the desktop version and not just. Gary P. August 6, at 8: Me too! August 6, at 3: Gps bike tracker 6, at 1: Not only is the Edge big on features, but it's also physically large, with an intuitive user interface that uses the large color touchscreen and three tactile buttons.
The Edge was a certainly a contender for our Editor's Choice Award, but in the end, testers felt they preferred the slightly smaller, lighter, more streamlined, and somewhat simpler Edge There's bike computer app syncs with garmin much going on with the Edge that most users will barely scratch the surface of its capabilities and we feel that most users will be just as happy while spending significantly less money.
It's also worth noting that while this is an amazing GPS cycling computer, the setup, specifically the programming, is less user-friendly than the competition due to the Garmin Connect companion app. This contender is full of features that all cyclists will enjoy and gamrin data e bike lithium battery computer performance analytics that the most obsessed data hungry cyclists will love.
Everything is fully customizable through the app to display the data that is best cycling computers 2016 important to you and believe us when we tell you that there bike computer app syncs with garmin virtually every bit of data you have ever wanted to collect and analyze available.
While testers loved virtually everything about the ELEMNT Cateye bicycle computer cadence, it lost a little ground to the competition for its lack of a color screen and user interface. While the tactile buttons are the easiest to use among the devices with a button-only interface, they can't quite match the ease of use of the touchscreen models.
As its name suggests, it's bigger than the other models in fomputer range, and that includes both the display and the battery life. With a claimed battery run time bike computer app syncs with garmin up to 48 hours, the Mega XL blows the other models in this test out of the water for battery life making it one of the best options for super endurance riders, bike packers, and bike touring.
It's also unique in that it can be used in either ocmputer or portrait orientation depending on your preferences. One of our favorite aspects of the Mega XL is the easy setup that bike computer app syncs with garmin facilitated by atrio iron gps bike very intuitive and user-friendly Lezyne Ally V2 companion App. It has a wealth of training features including Strava Live segments, performance analytics, and the ability to do structured workouts cycling gadgets 2016 TrainingPeaks and Today's Plan.
Like the other Lezyne models we tested, the Mega XL doesn't come with preloaded maps, but you can quickly and easily import maps ap; the app or the GPS Root website to the device which can be used for offline navigation. Smartphone integration is solid with text and call notifications, Live Snycs, and wireless data transfers. One of our biggest gripes with the Mega XL is the user-interface in the form of four multi-function buttons. It works, it's just not as straightforward as some of the other models we tested with touchscreens or better button layouts.
The display also can't quite match the vibrant color displays found on the Garmin models, but it is relatively clear, bright, and easy to read regardless.
Testers were quite impressed with the features and performance of the Mega Garmin bicycle gps comparison, especially considering the asking price. Jeremy Benson is a freelance writer and competitive witb and mountain bike racer based in Truckee, CA. He started mountain biking in the early nineties on rigid bike computer app syncs with garmin on the technical bike computer app syncs with garmin trails throughout Connecticut.
Whether training for racing or riding for fun, Benson spends significant amounts of time in the saddle on his road, gravel, and trail bikes each year. Inhe rode his mountain bike nearly 5, miles and K vertical feet. He suffers from a mild Strava addiction and can often be found pushing it way too hard regularly while training for endurance gravel and mountain bike races throughout northern California.
Tracking his performance in the pursuit of amateur racing dominance is one of his many obsessions, and he is intimately familiar with cycling computers as a result.
A self-proclaimed "gear nerd", Benson has been testing and reviewing cycling gear for OutdoorGearLab for the past two years. Benson also received input from bike racer Curtis Smith.
Smith spent many years racing road, mountain, and cyclocross bikes and used cycling computers religiously to track his performance while training.
Smith resides in South Lake Tahoe, CA with his wife and family and can often be found riding two-wheeled contraptions on the roads and trails in the area. In addition to staying up to date on bike computer app syncs with garmin most recent product releases, Benson spent hours researching the best cycling computers garmiin incorporate into this review update.
After selecting the best new models, he spent countless hours fiddling with each one to test their smartphone xpp, connectivity, features, and user-friendliness. After programming and playing with each competitor, we took to the roads and the trails to test each model for accuracy and to see how well those features and functions actually work in the field.
Our field testing is also supplemented with hours of testing the user-friendliness of the companion apps, user-interface, creating routes, garmin bike computer water bottle holder dunking each computer in water.
How We Tested Bike Computers. There are plenty of reasons to ride bikes, and at OutdoorGearLab some of us shncs to improve and maintain our fitness or shed a few accumulated winter pounds, while others train to stand on podiums throughout the race season. Whatever your reasons for riding, adding a cycling computer to your riding routine can provide you with quantifiable information to help you navigate or reach your fitness or training goals.
We also recommend you check out our Smart Bike Trainer Review. The Avocet 30 was released in and quickly found its way onto farmin bars need directions for echo f1 bike computer many professional cyclists' bikes. Avocet created bioe way for cyclists to accurately track speed, distance, and time of class cycles bike computer ride.
Tracking training data was of particular importance to the professional cyclist, but over time these gadgets have found their way onto a much broader range of users' rides. If you've just started cycling, you'll probably notice that many riders have some type of cycling computer garnin their handlebars.
Buying Advice for Bike Computers. To see how the cycling computers in our test compare in terms of value, we've organized them on this chart that visually represents each model in both price wiith performance. Often, the more expensive units typically score better, and as you can see, neither of our Best Buy winners the Lezyne Super GPS and the Cateye Strada score particularly high from a performance standpoint, but both give xpp the basic info for less than half bike computer app syncs with garmin price of the highest performing models.
It is important to note that the non-GPS enabled units score significantly lower than their GPS enabled counterparts due to their more bjke designs, features, and functionality.
Using bike computer app syncs with garmin bike computer when riding or training adds another step to your ride preparation, but we don't feel it should be a hindrance to enjoying witth ride.
Ease of use co,puter our most heavily weighted rating metric because we believe it's the one that is likely to affect you the most. We took a number of factors into account when rating the ease of use, including startup time, charging and battery life, touchscreen or button interface, screen navigation and ease of uploading workouts to web-based tracking services, and smartphone integration. Of all these factors, we feel the user interface and ease of navigation are bike computer app syncs with garmin most important.
Below is a breakdown of each area, and analysis of product performance. When we say interface, we mean the method by which the user interacts with the device. Are buttons used, a touchscreen, or both?
How easy is it to navigate through menus and functions?
News:There's a truckload of fitness trackers and smartwatches to choose from. But it requires a separate set of Samsung Gear apps and syncs to Samsung For the ultimate multisport and outdoor watch, there's the Garmin Fenix 3 HR, but it Cyclists should consider a GPS bike computer for measuring distance and speed.
Leave a Comment